Glossary For All Things Ukulele By Ukulele Lessons Today…

by zelda

Whether you are wanting to learn to play ukulele, get some ukulele lessons, looking for some ukulele tips or just want to confirm a few ukulele terms this brief glossary of terms for ukulele – although not the most comprehensive list out there – could give you the answers you are looking for.ukulele lessons

Beginners’ Strum Pattern – All downward strums from string four to string one (from chin to knee) also written shorthand like this: DDDD

BPM – Beats per Minute is the same as tempo or the speed of the beats. BPM usually refers to the crotchet beats also known as quarter notes.

Bridge – part of the ukulele’s anatomy is a device for supporting the strings on a ukulele or stringed instrument and transmitting the vibration of those strings in order to transfer the sound of the vibration to the surrounding air. A bridge may also refer to part of a song structure. A bridge in a song is a section which, depending on the song’s form, usually follows several verses and often is the section following the second repeat of a song’s chorus. However in some song forms such as ABAB – the bridge is referred to as the B section and the verse is referred to as the A section.

Chart (chord) A form of musical notation which describes harmonic (chord) and rhythmic information instead of melodic information. Chord – in music is any set of notes that is heard as if sounding simultaneously or at the same time.

Chord Progression – a series of chords played one after the other. These chords often form repeating patterns as in the 1, 4, 5 chord progression known as the Blues Progression.

Concert Ukulele – The concert size was developed in the 1920s as an enhanced soprano, slightly larger and louder with a deeper tone.

Groove – it’s hard to define but this is close – the part of the music that makes you want to move or dance. Groove or ‘feel’ is a sense of propulsive rhythmic ‘swing’ created by the player’s rhythm. Groove is vital to popular music and especially for ukulele playing.

Feel – see groove.ukulele lessons

Fret – part of the anatomy of a ukulele or stringed instrument. Frets are small metal bars set across the fret board (AKA fingerboard) at various points along its length so as to produce the desired pitch (or notes) when the strings are stopped by the fingers.

Machine Heads – see tuning pegs.ukulele lessons

Melody – comes from the Greek word ‘melodia’ meaning singing or chanting. It’s the tune, voice or line that can be sung or played and is a combination of pitch and rhythm. Melodies often consist of several musical phrases or motifs, which are usually repeated throughout the song.

Music Notation – is any system is any system that represents aurally perceived music (music which can be heard) through the use of written symbols.

Nut – part of the ukulele’s anatomy made of a small piece of hard material supporting the strings at the end of the neck closest to the headstock. The nut spaces the strings across the neck and at the proper height from the fret board. The nut also defines the vibration of the strings for sound transfer along with the bridge.

Neck – a part of the anatomy of a ukulele on which the fret board (AKA fingerboard) is situated, where the fingers are placed to stop or shorten the strings at different pitches.

Rhythm – rhythm in music refers to a succession of strong and weak beats over time. The first beat of a group of regular, evenly spaced beats feels stronger than the others. Rhythms can have different patterns, which can be clapped or tapped. Common patterns include 1,2,3,4 1,2.3.4. All musicians need to have a good sense of rhythm and to keep a steady beat in their head when playing. Ukulele is no exception and often ukulele player will be playing with others so keeping good timing throughout the whole song is a great skill to master.

Section – In music a section is a complete, but not independent musical idea. Types of sections include the introduction (or intro), verse, chorus, bridge and links.

Soprano Ukulele – The soprano, often called “standard” in Hawaii, is the smallest, and the original size ukulele.

String – a part of the anatomy of a ukulele. On a stringed instrument a string is the vibrating element that produces sound usually made of a flexible material such as steel, nylon or gut. Strings are kept under tension so that they may vibrate freely, but controllably.

Strum – a strum or stroke is an action commonly used to play string instruments such as guitar or ukulele which may be “struck”/”stroked”, i.e., strummed, by brushing one’s fingers over the strings. To strum ukulele you can use your forefinger or your thumb. You can also use a plectrum or pick for strumming ukulele.

Strumming Pattern – A strumming pattern or strum pattern is a preset pattern used by a rhythm guitar or ukulele. Patterns may alternate or vary through one song. Here is the pattern for single down strum: / / / /

Tempo – tempo is Italian for Time. Tempo is the speed or pace of a given piece of music. Tempo is a crucial element of any musical piece, as it can affect the mood and difficulty of a composition. Ukulele playing uses a wide range of tempos from slow to super fast.

Tenor Ukulele – The tenor ukulele has more volume and deeper bass tone than the concert and soprano size ukuleles and usually has the same tuning GCEA.

Timing – in music refers to the ability to “keep time” accurately and to synchronise to a band or to the beat such as a metronome or a drum beat.

Tuning for Ukulele – Standard Tuning – G C E A. The G-sting is the string closest to your chin when playing ukulele right handed. There are other tunings for ukulele however Ukulele Lessons Today uses the standard ukulele tuning for beginners, which is the most popular ukulele tuning.

Tuning Pegs – part of ukulele anatomy (also referred to as a machine head, a tuner, gear head, or tuning machine) is part of a string instrument usually located at the headstock. Tuning pegs can be geared for applying tension to the string and thereby tuning a string.

Ukulele – sometimes abbreviated to uke, usually has four strings and is part of the guitar subcategory in the Cordogram family of stringed instruments. Ukuleles originated in the 19th century and according to Wikipedia were a Hawaiian interpretation of the small guitar-like instruments Portuguese immigrants took with them to Hawaii. The name ukulele is supposed to roughly translate as ‘jumping flea’ and according to the last Hawaiian monarch Queen Lili’uokalani the name ukulele means ‘the gift that came here’ from ‘uku’ meaning ‘gift’, and ‘lele’ meaning ‘to come’. The ukulele gained popularity during the early 20th century, and from Hawaii it spread internationally. Ukuleles commonly come in four main sizes: soprano, concert, tenor, and baritone. Tone and volume of the instrument vary with size and construction.

AUTHORS NOTE~ the author wholeheartedly agrees with Queen Lili’uokalani. Ukuleles are a wonderful gift to humanity. These simple little musical instruments bring out the smiles and sunshine and allow millions of people all over the world to enjoy the amazing healing gift of music.

Would you like to learn to play ukulele like a pro?ukulele lessons

If you are looking for a ukulele teacher I offer ukulele lessons online via Skype anywhere around the world – which my students say is a brilliant way to learn!

And by popular demand I have created my beginners ukulele lessons as an e-book giving ukulele students everything needed to learn to play four basic chords on ukulele to unlock thousands of songs.

Ukulele Lessons Today e-book is available for purchase for under $10 Amazon Kindle. It’s your super convenient ukulele lessons in your pocket.

About The Author:ukulele lessons

Zelda Sheldon is an author, educator, performer and award winning commercial broadcast songwriter whose works continue to be performed around the world. She helped establish the first Australian chapter of NSAI (Nashville Songwriters Association International) in Sydney and is a passionate advocate for building dynamic, creative communities, lifelong learning and bringing the magic of music and songs into more lives for holistic health.

Along with her songwriting Zelda is a popular ukulele performer and music educator offering world-class Ukulele Lessons Nashville, Sydney and Online via Skype for beginners of all ages, along with singing, songwriting and creative life coaching.

Zelda Sheldonukulele lessons

Ukulele Lessons Today

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